Stem cells are suitable for treatment and therapy of a wide range of diseases and conditions because of its two distinct characteristics. Firstly, they can create or renew more same kind cells. Secondly, they mature up and become specialized cells that are able to do specific roles either in the bone, muscle or skin.
Nowadays, apart from being a remedial solution to many health sicknesses like diabetes, heart diseases, and neurodegenerative ailments, each year, several conditions and diseases are being pointed as those that can be treated using stem cell therapy. There are clinical trials ongoing on the treatment of spinal cord injury, blindness, stroke using stem cells. The results of these trials could lead to a medical revolution.
From a zygote to the fetus, stem cells assist in forming a human. The only variance between normal cells and stem cells is that stem cells can replicate in enormous levels, they are young and quite an active group of cells. Their presence is in every living organism that has a cellular structure. At this point we can only imagine how significant stem cells are to our bodies. Stem cells are used in the most modern medical remedy.
For approximately 60 years now, bone-marrow transplant is the main stem cell therapy even it is a painful, prolonged and expensive procedure. Conversely, blood stem cells got from the umbilical cord are more safe, cheaper and still, serve the same treatment purpose.
Blood cells have exhibited huge prospects of treatment of blood diseases as well as the immune system as it is shown in the several children cases who have been treated of leukemia successfully. The probability of tissue regeneration has resulted in treating diseases, injuries to bones, eye surface, and skin by implanting or grafting tissues.
While drugs dissolve in the body stem cells do not. Stem cells are living cells; this means they grow and react in random ways since they stay in the body of a patient. This means that stem cell treatment has to be done on one patient after the other. We must understand that stem cells are obtained from different parts of the body with the purpose of treating various conditions.
People planning to receive the stem cell treatment must be curious and must not fear the assurance proving that this treatment is effective and safe. A patient is at liberty to probe and find out if the cells being used for treatment are pure or mixed in the event stem cell treatment is the option. In fetal embryos or tissue, umbilical cord blood, bone fat or marrow, stem cells can be removed from every patient meaning each patient has their stem cells.